• Ik-ptz "What did the Nazis do with the captured women. How the Nazis abused children in the Salaspils concentration camp"

    What did the Nazis do with the captured women. How the Nazis abused children in the Salaspils concentration camp

    From time immemorial, war has been the domain of men. However, the Great Patriotic War refuted this stereotype: thousands of Soviet patriots went to the front and, along with the stronger sex, fought for the freedom of the Fatherland. For the first time, the Nazis encountered so many women in the units of the active Red Army, so they did not immediately recognize them as military personnel. Almost throughout the war, there was an order according to which the Red Army women were equated with partisans and were to be shot. But many Soviet women and girls were destined for an equally tragic fate - to survive German captivity, torture and abuse.

    The horrific fate of female health workers in German captivity

    Tens of thousands of female health workers were mobilized into the Red Army. Many, after completing a course of study, volunteered to go to the front or to the people's militia. Despite the humanity of the medical profession, the Germans treated the captured nurses, nurses and medical instructors with the same cruelty as the rest of the prisoners of war.
    There are many testimonies of atrocities committed against Soviet female medical workers. A captured nurse or nurse could be raped by a whole company of soldiers. Eyewitnesses told how in winter they found shot Russian nurses on the roads - naked, with obscene inscriptions on their bodies. Somehow, Soviet soldiers found the stiff corpse of a nineteen-year-old nurse girl, impaled, her eyes gouged out, her chest cut off and her hair turned gray. And those who ended up in the concentration camp were expected to do hard work, inhuman conditions of detention, bullying and violence from the guards.

    What awaited a female sniper in German captivity

    Not a single army in the world could boast of such a number of snipers as it was during the years of the Great Patriotic War in the Red Army. Only from the middle of the summer of 1943 until the end of the war, the Central Women's Sniper Training School produced over a thousand snipers and more than 400 instructors. Female shooters inflicted no less damage on enemy manpower than male snipers. The Nazis were afraid and fiercely hated the brave Red Army women and dubbed them "invisible horror."
    There are cases when German soldiers nevertheless showed some leniency towards young snipers, however, as a rule, the gender factor did not play any role. The girls realized that it was better for them not to be captured, therefore, in addition to the necessary sniper equipment, they took grenades with them and often, being surrounded by enemies, blew themselves up. Those who failed to do so were in for a terrible torment. 
    So, Hero of the Soviet Union Tatyana Baramzina, covering the retreat of her comrades, was seriously wounded, fell into the hands of the Nazis and was subjected to severe torture. Her body was found with her eyes gouged out and her head pierced by an anti-tank rifle.
    Sniper Maria Golyshkina said that her partner Anna Sokolova was captured and, after sophisticated torture, was hanged. The Nazis tried to recruit female shooters who ended up in a concentration camp, but there is no evidence that any of them agreed to cooperate. The female snipers who passed the concentration camps preferred not to go into the details of being in fascist captivity, not wanting to remember the horrors of the past.

    The tragic story of women scouts who were captured by the Germans

    History knows many feats accomplished by young Soviet intelligence officers. The symbol of heroism and selflessness was the name of the Komsomol member Zoya Kosmodemyanskaya, a fighter of the reconnaissance and sabotage unit of the headquarters of the Western Front. Yesterday's schoolgirl went to the front as a volunteer. In November 1941, while fulfilling the assignment of the command - to commit arson in several settlements of the Moscow region - fell into the hands of the Germans.
    The girl was subjected to many hours of inhuman torture and humiliation. According to the owner of the house in which the saboteur was tortured, Zoya courageously endured the abuse, did not ask for mercy and did not give out any information to the enemy. All the inhabitants of the village of Petrishchevo were driven to a demonstration execution, and the fearless eighteen-year-old partisan managed to turn to her compatriots with a fiery speech. To intimidate local residents, the body hung on the square for about a month, and drunken fascists, having fun, stabbed him with bayonets.
    Almost simultaneously with Zoya, her colleague in the sabotage group, 22-year-old Vera Voloshina, tragically died. Residents of the Golovkovo state farm, near which the girl was captured, recalled that she, who was bleeding, beaten half to death with rifle butts, held herself very proudly before her death and sang the Internationale with a noose around her neck.
    Soviet women not only showed miracles of heroism at the fronts. During their stay in captivity, they amazed the Nazis with their moral qualities.
    Upon admission to the concentration camp, all women were examined by a gynecologist in order to identify venereal diseases. German doctors were surprised to state that more than 90% of unmarried Russian women under the age of 21 retained their virginity. This figure was strikingly different from similar data for Western Europe. Soviet girls demonstrated high morality even in war, where a woman was constantly among the opposite sex and was the object of their close attention.
    While in places of detention, Soviet women were striking in their stamina. The prisoners were forced to exist in terrible sanitary conditions, without the slightest possibility of maintaining hygiene. In addition, they worked hard physically, often subjected to sexual violence, for attempting to avoid which they were severely punished. Another characteristic feature of Soviet women prisoners of war was rebelliousness. So, having arrived at the Ravensbrück concentration camp, Russian women demanded compliance with the norms of the Geneva Convention, refused to go to work, declared hunger strikes. And having received a punishment in the form of several hours of marching along the parade ground, they turned it into their triumph - they paced, singing in chorus "Get up, the country is huge ...".
    Look at the photo of the brave citizens of the Soviet Union, who, despite these horrors, found the courage to defend their country -
    Below are excerpts from various books (I don’t remember the names, alas)
      Our past neighbors - grandparents - got married in the war. She was a nurse, she slept, and he raped her sleeping. In the process, I realized that she was a virgin, was afraid of arrest and offered to marry: “anyway, no one will marry you anymore.” She was scared and agreed. So he later reminded her all his life: “Now, if I hadn’t taken pity on you, no one would have taken you.”

      Then there was Allenstein and there was more fire and more death. Near the post office, he (Kopelev) met a woman with a bandaged head, who tightly held the hand of a young girl with blond pigtails, she was crying, the child's legs were stained with blood ... "The soldiers kicked us out of the house," she told the Russian officer, " they beat and raped us, my daughter was only 13, she was raped by two, and everyone else raped me" She asked him to help her find her little son. Another woman asked him to shoot her.
    3. "I remember what happened the first three days after the capture of Stettin, all the roads were covered with feathers from featherbeds, posters were placed on the approaches to the city - "Blood for blood!", And the corpses of civilians here and there did not cause anyone surprise As if the Mongol horde had passed. And when it became clear to the command that the time had come to urgently curb the vengeful impulse of the advanced units, then the order of Marshal Zhukov appeared - "For violence and looting - to be court-martialed and shot" ... Then Aleksandrov's article "Comrade Ehrenburg simplifies", and the commanders, together with political workers and tribunals, were able to restore discipline in the army units."
    4. “They poked here,” the beautiful German woman explained, lifting up her skirt, “all night, and there were so many of them. I was a girl,” she sighed and cried. “They ruined my youth. they climbed on me, they all poked at me. There were at least twenty of them, yes, yes, - and she burst into tears.
    “They raped my daughter in my presence,” the poor mother put in, “they can still come and rape my girl again.” From this again everyone was horrified, and bitter sobbing swept from corner to corner of the basement where the owners had brought me. here, - the girl suddenly rushed to me, - you will sleep with me. You can do whatever you want with me, but you are the only one!" writes Gelfand in his diary.

    “There is no way to say that the Major is raping me,” she writes. “Why am I doing this? For bacon, sugar, candles, canned meat? major, and the less he wants from me as a man, the more I like him as a person."

     Many of her neighbors made similar deals with the winners of defeated Berlin. “Suddenly, tanks appeared on our street, bodies of Russian and German soldiers lay everywhere,” she recalls. “I remember the terrifying twang of falling Russian bombs. We called them Stalinorgels (“Stalin’s organs”).”
    One day, between bombings, Ingeborg climbed out of the basement and ran upstairs for a rope, which she adapted for a lamp wick.
    “Suddenly, I saw two Russians pointing guns at me,” she says. “One of them forced me to undress and raped me. Then they switched places and another raped me. I thought I was going to die, that they would kill me.”
    Then Ingeborg did not tell about what happened to her. She kept quiet about it for decades because it would be too hard to talk about it. "My mother used to brag about the fact that her daughter had not been touched," she recalls.  
    I want to note that it's scary, but it was. And women have always been war trophies, they have always paid for the war, wherever it takes place - and the winners are not judged. There are bastards in any country, on any side of the barricades. There are, were and will be. Like good people, I hope.
    Women medical workers of the Red Army, taken prisoner near Kiev, were collected for transfer to the POW camp, August 1941:
    The uniform of many girls is semi-military-semi-civilian, which is typical for the initial stage of the war, when the Red Army had difficulties in providing women's uniforms and uniform shoes of small sizes. On the left - a dull captured artillery lieutenant, maybe a "stage commander".
    How many female soldiers of the Red Army ended up in German captivity is unknown. However, the Germans did not recognize women as military personnel and regarded them as partisans. Therefore, according to the German private Bruno Schneider, before sending his company to Russia, their commander, Lieutenant Prince, familiarized the soldiers with the order: “Shoot all women who serve in the Red Army.” Numerous facts testify that this order was applied throughout the war.
    In August 1941, on the orders of Emil Knol, commander of the field gendarmerie of the 44th Infantry Division, a prisoner of war - a military doctor - was shot.

    In the city of Mglinsk, Bryansk region, in 1941, the Germans captured two girls from the medical unit and shot them.
    After the defeat of the Red Army in the Crimea in May 1942, an unknown girl in military uniform was hiding in the house of a resident of Buryachenko in the Mayak fishing village near Kerch. On May 28, 1942, the Germans discovered her during a search. The girl resisted the Nazis, shouting: “Shoot, bastards! I am dying for the Soviet people, for Stalin, and you, fiends, will be dog's death! The girl was shot in the yard.
    At the end of August 1942, a group of sailors was shot in the village of Krymskaya in the Krasnodar Territory, among them there were several girls in military uniform.
    In the village of Starotitarovskaya, Krasnodar Territory, among the executed prisoners of war, the corpse of a girl in a Red Army uniform was found. She had a passport with her in the name of Mikhailova Tatyana Alexandrovna, 1923. She was born in the village of Novo-Romanovka.
    In the village of Vorontsovo-Dashkovskoye, Krasnodar Territory, in September 1942, captured military assistants Glubokov and Yachmenev were brutally tortured.
    On January 5, 1943, 8 Red Army soldiers were captured near the Severny farm. Among them is a nurse named Lyuba. After prolonged torture and humiliation, all those captured were shot.
    Two rather grinning Nazis - a non-commissioned officer and a fanen-junker (candidate officer, on the right) - escort a captured Soviet soldier girl - to captivity ... or to death?
    It seems that the "Hans" do not look evil ... Although - who knows? In war, completely ordinary people often do such outrageous abominations that they would never have done in "another life" ...
    The girl is dressed in a full set of field uniforms of the Red Army, model 1935 - male, and in good "commander" boots in size.

    A similar photo, probably summer or early autumn 1941. The convoy is a German non-commissioned officer, a female prisoner of war in a commander's cap, but without insignia:
    Divisional intelligence translator P. Rafes recalls that in the village of Smagleevka, liberated in 1943, 10 km from Kantemirovka, residents told how in 1941 “a wounded lieutenant girl was dragged naked onto the road, her face, hands were cut, her breasts were cut off ... »
    Knowing what awaits them in the event of captivity, female soldiers, as a rule, fought to the last.
    Often captured women were raped before they died. Hans Rudhoff, a soldier from the 11th Panzer Division, testifies that in the winter of 1942, “... Russian nurses lay on the roads. They were shot and thrown on the road. They lay naked... On these dead bodies... obscene inscriptions were written.
    In Rostov in July 1942, German motorcyclists broke into the yard, where there were nurses from the hospital. They were going to change into civilian clothes, but did not have time. So, in military uniform, they dragged them into a barn and raped them. However, they were not killed.
    Women prisoners of war who ended up in camps were also subjected to violence and abuse. Former prisoner of war K.A. Shenipov said that in the camp in Drogobych there was a beautiful captive girl named Lyuda. “Captain Stroher, the camp commandant, tried to rape her, but she resisted, after which the German soldiers, called by the captain, tied Lyuda to a bunk, and in this position Stroher raped her and then shot her.”
    In Stalag 346 in Kremenchug at the beginning of 1942, the German camp doctor Orlyand gathered 50 women doctors, paramedics, nurses, undressed them and “ordered our doctors to examine them from the genitals - if they were sick with venereal diseases. He carried out the inspection himself. I chose 3 young girls from them, took them to my place to “serve”. German soldiers and officers came for women examined by doctors. Few of these women escaped rape.
    A female soldier of the Red Army who was captured while trying to get out of the encirclement near Nevel, summer 1941
    Judging by their emaciated faces, they had to go through a lot even before being taken prisoner.
    Here the "Hans" are clearly mocking and posing - so that they themselves will quickly experience all the "joys" of captivity !! And the unfortunate girl, who, it seems, has already drunk dashingly to the full extent at the front, has no illusions about her prospects in captivity ...
    On the left photo (September 1941, again near Kyiv -?), on the contrary, the girls (one of whom even managed to keep a watch on her hand in captivity; an unprecedented thing, a watch is the optimal camp currency!) Do not look desperate or exhausted. Captured Red Army soldiers are smiling... Is it a staged photo, or was a relatively humane camp commandant really caught, who ensured a tolerable existence?
    The camp guards from among the former prisoners of war and camp policemen were especially cynical about women prisoners of war. They raped captives or, under threat of death, forced them to cohabit with them. In Stalag No. 337, not far from Baranovichi, about 400 female prisoners of war were kept in a specially fenced area with barbed wire. In December 1967, at a meeting of the military tribunal of the Belarusian military district, the former head of the camp guard A.M. Yarosh admitted that his subordinates raped the prisoners of the women's bloc.
    The Millerovo POW camp also contained female prisoners. The commandant of the women's barracks was a German from the Volga region. The fate of the girls languishing in this barrack was terrible:
    “Police often looked into this barracks. Every day, for half a liter, the commandant gave any girl to choose from for two hours. The policeman could take her to his barracks. They lived two in a room. During these two hours, he could use her as a thing, abuse, mock, do whatever he pleases.
    Once, during the evening verification, the chief of police himself came, they gave him a girl for the whole night, a German woman complained to him that these “bastards” were reluctant to go to your policemen. He advised with a grin: “For those who do not want to go, arrange a“ red fireman ”. The girl was stripped naked, crucified, tied with ropes on the floor. Then they took a large red hot pepper, turned it inside out and inserted it into the girl's vagina. Left in this position for half an hour. Shouting was forbidden. Many girls' lips were bitten - they held back the cry, and after such a punishment they could not move for a long time.
    The commandant, behind her back they called her a cannibal, enjoyed unlimited rights over the captive girls and came up with other sophisticated mockeries. For example, "self-punishment". There is a special stake, which is made crosswise with a height of 60 centimeters. The girl should strip naked, insert a stake into the anus, hold on to the cross with her hands, and put her legs on a stool and hold on for three minutes. Who could not stand it, had to repeat from the beginning.
    We learned about what was happening in the women's camp from the girls themselves, who came out of the barracks to sit for about ten minutes on a bench. Also, the policemen boastfully talked about their exploits and the resourceful German woman.
    Female doctors of the Red Army, who were taken prisoner, worked in camp infirmaries in many prisoner of war camps (mainly in transit and transit camps).
    There may also be a German field hospital in the front line - in the background is visible part of the body of a car equipped to transport the wounded, and one of the German soldiers in the photo has a bandaged hand.
    Infirmary hut of the POW camp in Krasnoarmeysk (probably October 1941):
    In the foreground is a non-commissioned officer of the German field gendarmerie with a characteristic badge on his chest.
    Women prisoners of war were held in many camps. According to eyewitnesses, they made an extremely miserable impression. In the conditions of camp life, it was especially difficult for them: they, like no one else, suffered from the lack of basic sanitary conditions.
    In the fall of 1941, K. Kromiadi, a member of the commission for the distribution of labor, who visited the Sedlice camp, talked with the captured women. One of them, a female military doctor, admitted: “... everything is bearable, except for the lack of linen and water, which does not allow us to change clothes or wash ourselves.”
    A group of female health workers taken prisoner in the Kiev pocket in September 1941 was kept in Vladimir-Volynsk - Camp Oflag No. 365 "Nord".
    Nurses Olga Lenkovskaya and Taisiya Shubina were captured in October 1941 in the Vyazemsky encirclement. At first, women were kept in a camp in Gzhatsk, then in Vyazma. In March, when the Red Army approached, the Germans transferred the captured women to Smolensk in Dulag No. 126. There were few prisoners in the camp. They were kept in a separate barracks, communication with men was forbidden. From April to July 1942, the Germans released all women with the "condition of a free settlement in Smolensk."
    Crimea, summer 1942. Quite young Red Army soldiers, just captured by the Wehrmacht, and among them is the same young soldier girl:
    Most likely - not a doctor: her hands are clean, in a recent battle she did not bandage the wounded.
    After the fall of Sevastopol in July 1942, about 300 female health workers were taken prisoner: doctors, nurses, nurses. At first they were sent to Slavuta, and in February 1943, having gathered about 600 female prisoners of war in the camp, they were loaded into wagons and taken to the West. Everyone was lined up in Rovno, and another search for Jews began. One of the prisoners, Kazachenko, walked around and showed: "this is a Jew, this is a commissar, this is a partisan." Those who were separated from the general group were shot. The rest were again loaded into wagons, men and women together. The prisoners themselves divided the car into two parts: in one - women, in the other - men. Recovered in a hole in the floor.
    On the way, the captured men were dropped off at different stations, and on February 23, 1943, the women were brought to the city of Zoes. Lined up and announced that they would work in military factories. Evgenia Lazarevna Klemm was also in the group of prisoners. Jewish. History teacher at the Odessa Pedagogical Institute, posing as a Serb. She enjoyed special prestige among women prisoners of war. E.L. Klemm, on behalf of everyone, said in German: “We are prisoners of war and will not work at military factories.” In response, they began to beat everyone, and then drove them into a small hall, in which, because of the crowding, it was impossible to sit down or move. It stayed that way for almost a day. And then the rebellious were sent to Ravensbrück. This women's camp was established in 1939. The first prisoners of Ravensbrück were prisoners from Germany, and then from European countries occupied by the Germans. All the prisoners were shaved bald, dressed in striped (blue and gray striped) dresses and unlined jackets. Underwear - shirt and shorts. There were no bras or belts. In October, a pair of old stockings was given out for half a year, but not everyone managed to walk in them until spring. Shoes, as in most concentration camps, are wooden blocks.
    The barrack was divided into two parts, connected by a corridor: a day room, in which there were tables, stools and small wall cabinets, and a sleeping room - three-tiered plank beds with a narrow passage between them. For two prisoners, one cotton blanket was issued. In a separate room lived block - senior barracks. There was a washroom in the corridor.
    A group of Soviet women prisoners of war arrived at Stalag 370, Simferopol (summer or early autumn 1942):
    The prisoners carry all their meager possessions; under the hot Crimean sun, many of them "like a woman" tied their heads with handkerchiefs and took off their heavy boots.
    Ibid, Stalag 370, Simferopol:
    Prisoners worked mainly in the camp's sewing factories. In Ravensbrück, 80% of all uniforms for the SS troops were made, as well as camp clothing for both men and women.
    The first Soviet women prisoners of war - 536 people - arrived at the camp on February 28, 1943. At first, everyone was sent to a bathhouse, and then they were given striped camp clothes with a red triangle with the inscription: "SU" - Sowjet Union.
    Even before the arrival of the Soviet women, the SS spread a rumor around the camp that a gang of female murderers would be brought from Russia. Therefore, they were placed in a special block, fenced with barbed wire.
    Every day, the prisoners got up at 4 in the morning for verification, sometimes lasting several hours. Then they worked for 12-13 hours in sewing workshops or in the camp infirmary.
    Breakfast consisted of ersatz coffee, which the women used mainly to wash their hair, as there was no warm water. For this purpose, coffee was collected and washed in turn.
    Women whose hair survived began to use combs, which they themselves made. Frenchwoman Micheline Morel recalls that “Russian girls, using factory machines, cut wooden planks or metal plates and polished them so that they became quite acceptable combs. For a wooden scallop they gave half a portion of bread, for a metal one - a whole portion.
    For lunch, the prisoners received half a liter of gruel and 2-3 boiled potatoes. In the evening, for five people, they received a small loaf of bread with an admixture of sawdust and again half a liter of gruel.
    The impression that Soviet women made on the prisoners of Ravensbrück is testified in her memoirs by one of the prisoners, S. Müller:
    “...on one Sunday in April, we learned that Soviet prisoners refused to comply with some order, referring to the fact that, according to the Geneva Convention of the Red Cross, they should be treated like prisoners of war. For the camp authorities, this was unheard of insolence. The whole first half of the day they were forced to march along Lagerstrasse (the main "street" of the camp. - A. Sh.) and deprived of lunch.
    But the women from the Red Army bloc (as we called the barracks where they lived) decided to turn this punishment into a demonstration of their strength. I remember someone shouted in our block: “Look, the Red Army is marching!” We ran out of the barracks and rushed to Lagerstrasse. And what did we see?
    It was unforgettable! Five hundred Soviet women, ten in a row, keeping alignment, walked, as if in a parade, minting a step. Their steps, like a drum roll, beat rhythmically along the Lagerstrasse. The whole column moved as a single unit. Suddenly, a woman on the right flank of the first row gave the command to sing. She counted out: “One, two, three!” And they sang:
    Get up great country
    Rise to the death fight...
    I had heard them sing this song under their breath in their barracks before. But here it sounded like a call to fight, like faith in a quick victory.

    Then they sang about Moscow.
    The Nazis were puzzled: the punishment by marching the humiliated prisoners of war turned into a demonstration of their strength and inflexibility...
    It was not possible for the SS to leave Soviet women without lunch. Political prisoners took care of food for them in advance.
    Soviet women prisoners of war more than once struck their enemies and fellow campers with their unity and spirit of resistance. Once 12 Soviet girls were included in the list of prisoners destined to be sent to Majdanek, to the gas chambers. When the SS men came to the barracks to take the women away, the comrades refused to hand them over. The SS managed to find them. “The remaining 500 people lined up five people and went to the commandant. The translator was E.L. Klemm. The commandant drove the newcomers into the block, threatening them with execution, and they began a hunger strike.
    In February 1944, about 60 women prisoners of war from Ravensbrück were transferred to a concentration camp in the city of Barth at the Heinkel aircraft factory. The girls refused to work there. Then they were lined up in two rows and ordered to strip down to their shirts and remove the wooden blocks. For many hours they stood in the cold, every hour the matron came and offered coffee and a bed to anyone who would agree to go to work. Then the three girls were thrown into a punishment cell. Two of them died of pneumonia.
    Constant bullying, hard labor, hunger led to suicide. In February 1945, the defender of Sevastopol, military doctor Zinaida Aridova, threw herself on the wire.
    Nevertheless, the prisoners believed in liberation, and this belief sounded in a song composed by an unknown author:
    Keep your head up, Russian girls!
    Above your head, be bold!
    We don't have long to endure.
    The nightingale will fly in the spring ...
    And open the door for us to freedom,
    Takes the striped dress off her shoulders
    And heal deep wounds
    Wipe the tears from swollen eyes.
    Keep your head up, Russian girls!
    Be Russian everywhere, everywhere!
    Not long to wait, not long -
    And we will be on Russian soil.
    The former prisoner Germaine Tillon in her memoirs gave a peculiar description of Russian women prisoners of war who ended up in Ravensbrück: “... their solidarity was explained by the fact that they had gone through army school even before being captured. They were young, strong, neat, honest, and also rather rude and uneducated. There were also intellectuals (doctors, teachers) among them - friendly and attentive. In addition, we liked their disobedience, unwillingness to obey the Germans. 
    Women prisoners of war were also sent to other concentration camps. Prisoner of Auschwitz A. Lebedev recalls that paratroopers Ira Ivannikova, Zhenya Saricheva, Viktorina Nikitina, doctor Nina Kharlamova and nurse Claudia Sokolova were kept in the women's camp.
    In January 1944, for refusing to sign an agreement to work in Germany and move into the category of civilian workers, more than 50 female prisoners of war from the camp in Chelm were sent to Majdanek. Among them were doctor Anna Nikiforova, military paramedics Efrosinya Tsepennikova and Tonya Leontyeva, infantry lieutenant Vera Matyutskaya.
    Navigator of the air regiment Anna Egorova, whose plane was shot down over Poland, shell-shocked, with a burnt face, was captured and kept in the Kyustrinsky camp.
    Despite the death reigning in captivity, despite the fact that any connection between male and female prisoners of war was forbidden, where they worked together, most often in camp infirmaries, love was sometimes born that gave new life. As a rule, in such rare cases, the German leadership of the infirmary did not interfere with childbirth. After the birth of the child, the mother-prisoner of war was either transferred to the status of a civilian, released from the camp and released at the place of residence of her relatives in the occupied territory, or returned with the child to the camp.
    So, from the documents of the Stalag camp infirmary No. 352 in Minsk, it is known that “the nurse Sindeva Alexandra, who arrived at the City Hospital for childbirth on February 23, 1942, left with her child for the Rollbahn prisoner of war camp.”
    Probably one of the last photographs of Soviet female soldiers who were taken prisoner by the Germans, 1943 or 1944:
    Both were awarded medals, the girl on the left - "For Courage" (dark edging on the block), the second may have "BZ". There is an opinion that these are female pilots, but - IMHO - it is unlikely: both have "clean" shoulder straps of privates.
    In 1944, the attitude towards women prisoners of war hardened. They are subjected to new tests. In accordance with the general provisions on the testing and selection of Soviet prisoners of war, on March 6, 1944, the OKW issued a special order "On the treatment of Russian women prisoners of war." This document stated that Soviet women prisoners of war held in camps should be subjected to checks by the local Gestapo branch in the same way as all newly arriving Soviet prisoners of war. If, as a result of a police check, the political unreliability of female prisoners of war is revealed, they should be released from captivity and handed over to the police.
    On the basis of this order, on April 11, 1944, the head of the Security Service and the SD issued an order to send unreliable female prisoners of war to the nearest concentration camp. After being delivered to a concentration camp, such women were subjected to the so-called "special treatment" - liquidation. This is how Vera Panchenko-Pisanetskaya died - the eldest of a group of seven hundred female prisoners of war who worked at a military factory in the city of Gentin. A lot of marriage was produced at the plant, and during the investigation it turned out that Vera led the sabotage. In August 1944 she was sent to Ravensbrück and hanged there in the autumn of 1944.
    In the Stutthof concentration camp in 1944, 5 Russian senior officers were killed, including a female major. They were taken to the crematorium - the place of execution. First, the men were brought in and shot one after the other. Then a woman. According to a Pole who worked in the crematorium and understood Russian, the SS man, who spoke Russian, mocked the woman, forcing her to follow his commands: “right, left, around ...” After that, the SS man asked her: “Why did you do this? ” What she did, I never found out. She replied that she did it for the motherland. After that, the SS man slapped him in the face and said: "This is for your homeland." The Russian spat in his eyes and replied: “And this is for your homeland.” There was confusion. Two SS men ran up to the woman and began to push her alive into the furnace for burning corpses. She resisted. Several more SS men ran up. The officer shouted: “Into her furnace!” The oven door was open and the heat set the woman's hair on fire. Despite the fact that the woman vigorously resisted, she was placed on a cart for burning corpses and pushed into the furnace. This was seen by all the prisoners who worked in the crematorium. Unfortunately, the name of this heroine remains unknown.
    Yad Vashem archive. M-33/1190, l. 110.
    There. M-37/178, l. 17.
    There. M-33/482, l. sixteen.
    There. M-33/60, l. 38.
    There. M-33/303, l 115.
    There. M-33/309, l. 51.
    There. M-33/295, l. 5.
    There. M-33/302, l. 32.
    P. Rafes. They didn't repent then. From Notes of the Translator of Divisional Intelligence. "Spark". Special issue. M., 2000, No. 70.Archive Yad Vashem. M-33/1182, l. 94-95.
    Vladislav Smirnov. Rostov nightmare. - "Spark". M., 1998. No. 6.
    Archive Yad Vashem. M-33/1182, l. eleven.
    Yad Vashem archive. M-33/230, l. 38.53.94; M-37/1191, l. 26
    B. P. Sherman. ... And the earth was horrified. (About the atrocities of the German fascists in the city of Baranovichi and its environs on June 27, 1941 - July 8, 1944). Facts, documents, evidence. Baranovichi. 1990, p. 8-9.S. M. Fischer. Memories. Manuscript. Author's archive.
    K. Kromiadi. Soviet prisoners of war in Germany... p. 197.
    T. S. Pershina. Fascist genocide in Ukraine 1941-1944… p. 143.
    Archive Yad Vashem. M-33/626, l. 50-52. M-33/627, sheet. 62-63.
    N. Lemeshchuk. I didn't bow my head. (On the activities of the anti-fascist underground in the Nazi camps) Kyiv, 1978, p. 32-33.
    There. E. L. Klemm, shortly after returning from the camp, after endless calls to the state security agencies, where they sought her confession of betrayal, committed suicide
    G. S. Zabrodskaya. The will to win. On Sat. "Witnesses for the Prosecution". L. 1990, p. 158; S. Muller. Locksmith team Ravensbrück. Memoirs of a Prisoner No. 10787. M., 1985, p. 7.
    Women of Ravensbrück. M., 1960, p. 43, 50.
    G. S. Zabrodskaya. The will to win... p. 160.
    S. Muller. Locksmith team Ravensbrück ... p. 51-52.
    Women of Ravensbrück… p.127.
    G. Vaneev. Heroines of the Sevastopol fortress. Simferopol. 1965, p. 82-83.
    G. S. Zabrodskaya. The will to win... p. 187.
    N. Tsvetkova. 900 days in fascist dungeons. In: In Fascist dungeons. Notes. Minsk. 1958, p. 84. A. Lebedev. Soldiers of a small war ... p. 62.
    A. Nikiforova. This shouldn't happen again. M., 1958, p. 6-11.
    N. Lemeshchuk. Head not bowed... p. 27. In 1965, A. Egorova was awarded the title of Hero of the Soviet Union.Archive Yad Vashem. М-33/438 part II, l. 127.

    A. Stream. Die Behandlung sowjetischer Kriegsgefengener… S. 153.
    A. Nikiforova. This must not happen again... p. 106.
    A. Stream. Die Behandlung sowjetischer Kriegsgefengener…. S. 153-154.
    This name has become a symbol of the brutal attitude of the Nazis towards captured children.
    During the three years of the existence of the camp (1941-1944) in Salaspils, according to various sources, about a hundred thousand people died, seven thousand of them were children.

    The place from which they did not return

    This camp was built by captured Jews in 1941 on the territory of the former Latvian training ground, 18 kilometers from Riga, near the village of the same name. According to the documents, Salaspils (German: Kurtenhof) was originally called an “educational labor camp”, and not a concentration camp.
    An impressive area, fenced with barbed wire, was built up with hastily built wooden barracks. Each was designed for 200-300 people, but often in one room there were from 500 to 1000 people.
    Initially, Jews deported from Germany to Latvia were doomed to death in the camp, but since 1942, "undesirable" Jews from various countries: France, Germany, Austria, and the Soviet Union were sent here.
    The Salaspils camp also gained notoriety because it was here that the Nazis took blood from innocent children for the needs of the army and mocked young prisoners in every possible way.

    Full donors for the Reich

    New prisoners were brought in regularly. They were forced to strip naked and sent to the so-called bathhouse. It was necessary to walk half a kilometer through the mud, and then wash in icy water. After that, the arrivals were placed in barracks, all things were taken away.
    There were no names, surnames, titles - only serial numbers. Many died almost immediately, while those who managed to survive after several days of imprisonment and torture were “sorted out”.
    The children were separated from their parents. If the mothers did not give, the guards took the babies by force. There were terrible screams and screams. Many women went crazy; some of them were placed in the hospital, and some were shot on the spot.
    Infants and children under the age of six were sent to a special barrack, where they died of starvation and disease. The Nazis experimented on older prisoners: they injected poisons, performed operations without anesthesia, took blood from children, which was transferred to hospitals for wounded soldiers of the German army. Many children became "full donors" - they took blood from them until they died.
    Considering that the prisoners were practically not fed: a piece of bread and a gruel from vegetable waste, the number of child deaths was in the hundreds per day. The corpses, like garbage, were taken out in huge baskets and burned in crematorium ovens or dumped into disposal pits. 

    Covering up traces

    In August 1944, before the arrival of the Soviet troops, in an attempt to destroy the traces of atrocities, the Nazis burned down many barracks. The surviving prisoners were taken to the Stutthof concentration camp, and German prisoners of war were kept on the territory of Salaspils until October 1946.
    After the liberation of Riga from the Nazis, a commission to investigate Nazi atrocities found 652 children's corpses in the camp. Mass graves and human remains were also found: ribs, hip bones, teeth.
    One of the most eerie photographs that clearly illustrates the events of that time is the “Salaspils Madonna”, the corpse of a woman who hugs a dead baby. It was found that they were buried alive.

    The truth pricks the eyes

    Only in 1967, the Salaspils memorial complex was erected on the site of the camp, which still exists today. Many famous Russian and Latvian sculptors and architects worked on the ensemble, including Ernst Unknown. The road to Salaspils begins with a massive concrete slab, the inscription on which reads: "The earth groans behind these walls."  
    Further, on a small field, figures-symbols with "speaking" names rise: "Unbroken", "Humiliated", "Oath", "Mother". On either side of the road are barracks with iron bars where people bring flowers, children's toys and sweets, and on the black marble wall, serifs measure the days spent by the innocent in the "death camp".
    To date, some Latvian historians blasphemously call the Salaspils camp "educational and labor" and "socially useful", refusing to recognize the atrocities that were committed near Riga during the Second World War.
    In 2015, an exhibition dedicated to the victims of Salaspils was banned in Latvia. Officials considered that such an event would harm the image of the country. As a result, the exposition “Stolen childhood. Victims of the Holocaust through the Eyes of Young Prisoners of the Salaspils Nazi Concentration Camp was held at the Russian Center for Science and Culture in Paris.
    In 2017, there was also a scandal at the press conference “Salaspils camp, history and memory”. One of the speakers tried to express his original point of view on historical events, but received a harsh rebuff from the participants. “It hurts to hear how you are trying to forget about the past today. We cannot allow such terrible events to happen again. God forbid you experience something like this,” one of the women who managed to survive in Salaspils addressed the speaker.
    Female servicemen who were captured during the Great Patriotic War were most often subjected to much greater abuse and torment (sometimes preceding inevitable death) than men. However, even after more than 70 years have passed since the end of World War II, the scale of these atrocities, at least in general terms, has not been identified by historians - documentary evidence of the conditions in which women soldiers were held captive has either not been preserved, or is still classified.
    There is actually not so much reliable information about how women soldiers who fought on the side of the Wehrmacht, the SS and other units of the Nazi army were treated, especially when you consider that the representatives of the weaker sex of the Nazi troops officially received full-fledged army status only at the end of August 1944, until that time they were only "civil servants attached to the army" - in all divisions.
    It is also necessary to take into account the fact that after the war thousands of German women were interned in the USSR (as well as representatives of other nationalities who lived in the territories of states that actively helped Hitler and were liberated from fascism by the Red Army) - they worked in the Gulag camps on a par with Soviet prisoners.
    It is possible that among them there was a certain percentage of former military personnel, but this topic has not been sufficiently studied to date.
    The diaries of a Soviet military officer who took part in the storming of Berlin, Vladimir Gelfand (a war veteran, died in the early 80s in Dnepropetrovsk), have long been published. Twenty-two-year-old Lieutenant Gelfand, as a direct participant in the hostilities, described such an incident that occurred on the Oder front in the early spring of 1945. The Soviet troops utterly defeated the women's battalion that attacked them - "avengers for the husbands who died at the front." Ordinary Red Army soldiers wanted to stab the captured German women in a “perverse way”, but in the end, the “sorted” submachine gunners were divided into 3 categories. The first included ... Russians (!), The second - the wives of officers and simply relatives of the Nazi warriors, who proudly announced this, the third category - girls. The last ones were sorted “by their beds” (their further fate is not reported), and the rest (Russians in the first place) were shot, without torture or bullying.
    The topic of the conditions of detention of female prisoners of war of the Red Army is by far the most elaborately developed - numerous memoirs speak of the atrocities of the Nazis and their accomplices as in relation to prisoners who did not fall into concentration camps (memoirs of the divisional translator Pavel Rafes, the archive of the Israeli Yad Vashem and others ), and to those who were in the concentration camps of Germany and the countries - allies of the Nazis.
    Women in the camps suffered no less than men for natural reasons - there were no basic conditions for hygiene, the opportunity to change clothes. The Nazis immediately shot Jews and partisans. In the fascist camps where female prisoners of war were kept, not only the Nazis committed atrocities, but also the policemen, voluntary assistants from among the prisoners themselves...
    Brash explained this attitude of his command towards the prisoners by the fact that by that time the Americans had already seen the horrors of Auschwitz, Buchenwald and other Nazi camps - newspapers trumpeted about it every day. The Yankees had plenty of food - they simply deliberately did not give them to the prisoners: the Americans fiercely hated the Germans as a nation.


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  •     Dr. Elke Scherstjanoi "Ein Rotarmist in Deutschland"
  •     Stern "Von Siegern und Besiegten"
  •     Märkische Allgemeine  "Hinter den Kulissen"
  •     Das Erste "Kulturreport"
  •     Berliner Zeitung  "Besatzer, Schöngeist, Nervensäge, Liebhaber"
  •     SR 2 KulturRadio  "Deutschland-Tagebuch 1945-1946. Aufzeichnungen eines Rotarmisten"
  •     Die Zeit  "Wodka, Schlendrian, Gewalt"
  •     Jüdische Allgemeine  "Aufzeichnungen im Feindesland"
  •     Mitteldeutsche Zeitung  "Ein rotes Herz in Uniform"
  •     Unveröffentlichte Kritik  "Aufzeichnungen eines Rotarmisten vom Umgang mit den Deutschen"
  •     Bild  "Auf Berlin, das Besiegte, spucke ich!"
  •     Das Buch von Gregor Thum "Traumland Osten. Deutsche Bilder vom östlichen Europa im 20. Jahrhundert"
  •     Flensborg Avis  "Set med en russisk officers øjne"
  •     Ostsee Zeitung  "Das Tagebuch des Rotarmisten"
  •     Leipziger Volkszeitung  "Das Glück lächelt uns also zu!"
  •     Passauer Neue Presse "Erinnerungspolitischer Gezeitenwechsel"
  •     Lübecker Nachrichten  "Das Kriegsende aus Sicht eines Rotarmisten"
  •     Lausitzer Rundschau  "Ich werde es erzählen"
  •     Leipzigs-Neue  "Rotarmisten und Deutsche"
  •     SWR2 Radio ART: Hörspiel
  •     Kulturation  "Tagebuchaufzeichnungen eines jungen Sowjetleutnants"
  •     Der Tagesspiegel  "Hier gibt es Mädchen"
  •     NDR  "Bücher Journal"
  •     Kulturportal  "Chronik"
  •     Sächsische Zeitung  "Bitterer Beigeschmack"
  •     Wiesbadener Tagblatt "Reflexionen, Textcollagen und inhaltlicher Zündstoff"
  •     Deutschlandradio Kultur  "Krieg und Kriegsende aus russischer Sicht"
  •     Berliner Zeitung  "Die Deutschen tragen alle weisse Armbinden"
  •     MDR  "Deutschland-Tagebuch eines Rotarmisten"
  •     Jüdisches Berlin  "Das Unvergessliche ist geschehen" / "Личные воспоминания"
  •     Süddeutsche Zeitung  "So dachten die Sieger"
  •     Financial Times Deutschland  "Aufzeichnungen aus den Kellerlöchern"
  •     Badisches Tagblatt  "Ehrliches Interesse oder narzisstische Selbstschau?"
  •     Freie Presse  "Ein Rotarmist in Berlin"
  •     Nordkurier/Usedom Kurier  "Aufzeichnungen eines Rotarmisten ungefiltert"
  •     Nordkurier  "Tagebuch, Briefe und Erinnerungen"
  •     Ostthüringer Zeitung  "An den Rand geschrieben"
  •     Potsdamer Neueste Nachrichten  "Hier gibt es Mädchen"
  •     NDR Info. Forum Zeitgeschichte "Features und Hintergründe"
  •     Deutschlandradio Kultur. Politische Literatur. "Lasse mir eine Dauerwelle machen"
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  •     Cicero "Voodoo Child. Die verhexten Kinder"
  •     Dagens Nyheter  "Det oaendliga kriget"
  •     Utopie-kreativ  "Des jungen Leutnants Deutschland - Tagebuch"
  •     Neues Deutschland  "Berlin, Stunde Null"
  •     Webwecker-bielefeld  "Aufzeichnungen eines Rotarmisten"
  •     Südkurier  "Späte Entschädigung"
  •     Online Rezension  "Das kriegsende aus der Sicht eines Soldaten der Roten Armee"
  •     Saarbrücker Zeitung  "Erstmals: Das Tagebuch eines Rotarmisten"
  •     Neue Osnabrücker Zeitung  "Weder Brutalbesatzer noch ein Held"
  •     Thüringische Landeszeitung  "Vom Alltag im Land der Besiegten"
  •     Das Argument  "Wladimir Gelfand: Deutschland-Tagebuch 1945-1946. Aufzeichnungen eines Rotarmisten"
  •     Deutschland Archiv: Zeitschrift für das vereinigte Deutschland "Betrachtungen eines Aussenseiters"
  •     Neue Gesellschaft/Frankfurter Hefte  "Von Siegern und Besiegten"
  •     Deutsch-Russisches Museum Berlin-Karlshorst "Deutschland-Tagebuch 1945-1946. Aufzeichnungen eines Rotarmisten"
  •     Online Rezensionen. Die Literaturdatenbank
  •     Literaturkritik  "Ein siegreicher Rotarmist"
  •     RBB Kulturradio  "Ein Rotarmist in Berlin"
  •     їнська правда  "Нульовий варiант" для ветеранiв вiйни / Комсомольская правда "Нулевой вариант" для ветеранов войны"
  •     Dagens Nyheter. "Sovjetsoldatens dagbok. Hoppfull läsning trots krigets grymheter"
  •     Ersatz  "Tysk dagbok 1945-46 av Vladimir Gelfand"
  •     Borås Tidning  "Vittnesmåil från krigets inferno"
  •     Sundsvall (ST)  "Solkig skildring av sovjetisk soldat frеn det besegrade Berlin"
  •     Helsingborgs Dagblad  "Krigsdagbok av privat natur"
  •     2006 Bradfor  "Conference on Contemporary German Literature"
  •     Spring-2005/2006/2016 Foreign Rights, German Diary 1945-1946
  •     Flamman / Ryska Posten "Dagbok kastar tvivel över våldtäktsmyten"
  •     Expressen  "Kamratliga kramar"
  •     Expressen Kultur  "Under våldets täckmantel"
  •     Lo Tidningen  "Krigets vardag i röda armén"
  •     Tuffnet Radio  "Är krigets våldtäkter en myt?"
  •     Norrköpings Tidningar  "En blick från andra sidan"
  •     Expressen Kultur  "Den enda vägens historia"
  •     Expressen Kultur  "Det totalitära arvet"
  •     Allehanda  "Rysk soldatdagbok om den grymma slutstriden"
  •     Ryska Posten  "Till försvar för fakta och anständighet"
  •     Hugin & Munin  "En rödarmist i Tyskland"
  •     Theater "Das deutsch-russische Soldatenwörtebuch" / Театр  "Русско-немецкий солдатский разговорник"
  •     SWR2 Radio "Journal am Mittag"
  •     Berliner Zeitung  "Dem Krieg den Krieg erklären"
  •     Die Tageszeitung  "Mach's noch einmal, Iwan!"
  •     The book of Paul Steege: "Black Market, Cold War: Everyday Life in Berlin, 1946-1949"
  •     Телеканал РТР "Культура"  "Русско-немецкий солдатский разговорник"
  •     Аргументы и факты  "Есть ли правда у войны?"
  •     RT "Russian-German soldier's phrase-book on stage in Moscow"
  •     Утро.ru  "Контурная карта великой войны"
  •     Коммерсантъ "Языковой окоп"
  •     Телеканал РТР "Культура":  "Широкий формат с Ириной Лесовой"
  •     Museum Berlin-Karlshorst  "Das Haus in Karlshorst. Geschichte am Ort der Kapitulation"
  •     Das Buch von Roland Thimme: "Rote Fahnen über Potsdam 1933 - 1989: Lebenswege und Tagebücher"
  •     Das Buch von Bernd Vogenbeck, Juliane Tomann, Magda Abraham-Diefenbach: "Terra Transoderana: Zwischen Neumark und Ziemia Lubuska"
  •     Das Buch von Sven Reichardt & Malte Zierenberg: "Damals nach dem Krieg Eine Geschichte Deutschlands - 1945 bis 1949"
  •     Lothar Gall & Barbara Blessing: "Historische Zeitschrift Register zu Band 276 (2003) bis 285 (2007)"
  •     Wyborcza.pl "Kłopotliwy pomnik w mieście z trudną historią"
  •     Kollektives Gedächtnis "Erinnerungen an meine Cousine Dora aus Königsberg"
  •     Das Buch von Ingeborg Jacobs: "Freiwild: Das Schicksal deutscher Frauen 1945"
  •     Wyborcza.pl "Strącona gwiazda wdzięczności"
  •     Закон i Бiзнес "Двічі по двісті - суд честі"
  •     Радио Свобода "Красная армия. Встреча с Европой"
  •     DEP "Stupri sovietici in Germania (1944-45)"
  •     Дніпропетровський національний історичний музей ім. Яворницького "Музей і відвідувач: методичні розробки, сценарії, концепції. Листи з 43-го"
  •     Explorations in Russian and Eurasian History "The Intelligentsia Meets the Enemy: Educated Soviet Officers in Defeated Germany, 1945"
  •     DAMALS "Deutschland-Tagebuch 1945-1946. Gedankenwelt des Siegers"
  •     Das Buch von Pauline de Bok: "Blankow oder Das Verlangen nach Heimat"
  •     Das Buch von Ingo von Münch: "Frau, komm!": die Massenvergewaltigungen deutscher Frauen und Mädchen 1944/45"
  •     Das Buch von Roland Thimme: "Schwarzmondnacht: Authentische Tagebücher berichten (1933-1953). Nazidiktatur - Sowjetische Besatzerwillkür"
  •     История государства "Миф о миллионах изнасилованных немок"
  •     Das Buch Alexander Häusser, Gordian Maugg: "Hungerwinter: Deutschlands humanitäre Katastrophe 1946/47"
  •     Heinz Schilling: "Jahresberichte für deutsche Geschichte: Neue Folge. 60. Jahrgang 2008"
  •     Jan M. Piskorski "WYGNAŃCY: Migracje przymusowe i uchodźcy w dwudziestowiecznej Europie"
  •     Wayne State "The Cultural Memory Of German Victimhood In Post-1990 Popular German Literature And Television"
  •     Deutschlandradio "Heimat ist dort, wo kein Hass ist"
  •     Journal of Cold War Studies "Wladimir Gelfand, Deutschland-Tagebuch 1945–1946: Aufzeichnungen eines Rotarmisten"
  •     ЛЕХАИМ "Евреи на войне. Солдатские дневники"
  •     Частный Корреспондент "Победа благодаря и вопреки"
  •     Перспективы "Сексуальное насилие в годы Второй мировой войны: память, дискурс, орудие политики"
  •     Радиостанция Эхо Москвы & RTVi "Не так" с Олегом Будницким: Великая Отечественная - солдатские дневники"
  •     Books Llc "Person im Zweiten Weltkrieg /Sowjetunion/ Georgi Konstantinowitsch Schukow, Wladimir Gelfand, Pawel Alexejewitsch Rotmistrow"
  •     Das Buch von Jan Musekamp: "Zwischen Stettin und Szczecin - Metamorphosen einer Stadt von 1945 bis 2005"
  •     Encyclopedia of safety "Ladies liberated Europe in the eyes of Russian soldiers and officers (1944-1945 gg.)"
  •     Азовские греки "Павел Тасиц"
  •     Newsland "СМЯТЕНИЕ ГРОЗНОЙ ОСЕНИ 1941 ГОДА"
  •     Wallstein "Demokratie im Schatten der Gewalt: Geschichten des Privaten im deutschen Nachkrieg"
  •     Вестник РГГУ "Болезненная тема второй мировой войны: сексуальное насилие по обе стороны фронта"
  •     Das Buch von Jürgen W. Schmidt: "Als die Heimat zur Fremde wurde"
  •     ЛЕХАИМ "Евреи на войне: от советского к еврейскому?"
  •     Gedenkstätte/ Museum Seelower Höhen "Die Schlacht"
  •     The book of Frederick Taylor "Exorcising Hitler: The Occupation and Denazification of Germany"
  •     Огонёк "10 дневников одной войны"
  •     The book of Michael Jones "Total War: From Stalingrad to Berlin"
  •     Das Buch von Frederick Taylor "Zwischen Krieg und Frieden: Die Besetzung und Entnazifizierung Deutschlands 1944-1946"
  •     WordPress.com "Wie sind wir Westler alt und überklug - und sind jetzt doch Schmutz unter ihren Stiefeln"
  •     Олег Будницкий: "Архив еврейской истории" Том 6. "Дневники"
  •     Åke Sandin "Är krigets våldtäkter en myt?"
  •     Michael Jones: "El trasfondo humano de la guerra: con el ejército soviético de Stalingrado a Berlín"
  •     Das Buch von Jörg Baberowski: "Verbrannte Erde: Stalins Herrschaft der Gewalt"
  •     Zeitschrift fur Geschichtswissenschaft "Gewalt im Militar. Die Rote Armee im Zweiten Weltkrieg"
  •     Ersatz-[E-bok] "Tysk dagbok 1945-46"
  •     The book of Michael David-Fox, Peter Holquist, Alexander M. Martin: "Fascination and Enmity: Russia and Germany as Entangled Histories, 1914-1945"
  •     Елена Сенявская "Женщины освобождённой Европы глазами советских солдат и офицеров (1944-1945 гг.)"
  •     The book of Raphaelle Branche, Fabrice Virgili: "Rape in Wartime (Genders and Sexualities in History)"
  •     (סקירה   צבאית נשים של אירופה המשוחררת דרך עיניהם של חיילים וקצינים סובייטים (1944-1945
  •     БезФорматаРу "Хоть бы скорей газетку прочесть"
  •     ВЕСТНИК "Проблемы реадаптации студентов-фронтовиков к учебному процессу после Великой Отечественной войны"
  •     Zeitschrift für Geschichtswissenschaft 60 (2012), 12
  •     Все лечится "10 миллионов изнасилованных немок"
  •     Симха "Еврейский Марк Твен. Так называли Шолома Рабиновича, известного как Шолом-Алейхем"
  •     Nicolas Bernard "La Guerre germano-soviétique: 1941-1945" (Histoires d'aujourd'hui) E-Book
  •     Annales: Nathalie Moine "La perte, le don, le butin. Civilisation stalinienne, aide étrangère et biens trophées dans l’Union soviétique des années 1940"
  •     Das Buch von Beata Halicka "Polens Wilder Westen. Erzwungene Migration und die kulturelle Aneignung des Oderraums 1945 - 1948"
  •     Das Buch von Jan M. Piskorski "Die Verjagten: Flucht und Vertreibung im Europa des 20. Jahrhundert"
  •     "آسو  "دشمن هرگز در نمی‌زن
  •     Уроки истории. ХХ век. Гефтер. "Антисемитизм в СССР во время Второй мировой войны в контексте холокоста"
  •     Ella Janatovsky "The Crystallization of National Identity in Times of War: The Experience of a Soviet Jewish Soldier"
  •     Word War II Multimedia Database "Borgward Panzerjager At The Reichstag"
  •     Militaergeschichtliche Zeitschrift "Buchbesprechungen"
  •     Всеукраинский еженедельник Украина-Центр "Рукописи не горят"
  •     Bücher / CD-s / E-Book von Niclas Sennerteg "Nionde arméns undergång: Kampen om Berlin 1945"
  •     Das Buch von Michaela Kipp: "Großreinemachen im Osten: Feindbilder in deutschen Feldpostbriefen im Zweiten Weltkrieg"
  •     Петербургская газета "Женщины на службе в Третьем Рейхе"
  •     Володимир Поліщук "Зроблено в Єлисаветграді"
  •     Deutsch-Russisches Museum Berlin-Karlshorst. Katalog zur Dauerausstellung / Каталог постоянной экспозиции
  •     Clarissa Schnabel "The life and times of Marta Dietschy-Hillers"
  •     Alliance for Human Research Protection "Breaking the Silence about sexual violence against women during the Holocaust"
  •     Еврейский музей и центр толерантности. Группа по работе с архивными документами"
  •     Эхо Москвы "ЦЕНА ПОБЕДЫ: Военный дневник лейтенанта Владимира Гельфанда"
  •     Bok / eBok: Anders Bergman & Emelie Perland "365 dagar: Utdrag ur kända och okända dagböcker"
  •     РИА Новости "Освободители Германии"
  •     Das Buch von Miriam Gebhardt "Als die Soldaten kamen: Die Vergewaltigung deutscher Frauen am Ende des Zweiten Weltkriegs"
  •     Petra Tabarelli "Vladimir Gelfand"
  •     Das Buch von Martin Stein "Die sowjetische Kriegspropaganda 1941 - 1945 in Ego-Dokumenten"
  •     Książka Beata Halicka "Polski Dziki Zachód. Przymusowe migracje i kulturowe oswajanie Nadodrza 1945-1948"
  •     The German Quarterly "Philomela’s Legacy: Rape, the Second World War, and the Ethics of Reading"
  •     MAZ LOKAL "Archäologische Spuren der Roten Armee in Brandenburg"
  •     Tenona "Как фашисты издевались над детьми в концлагере Саласпилс. Чудовищные исторические факты о концлагерях"
  •     Deutsches Historisches Museum "1945 – Niederlage. Befreiung. Neuanfang. Zwölf Länder Europas nach dem Zweiten Weltkrieg"
  •     День за днем "Дневник лейтенанта Гельфанда"
  •     BBC News "The rape of Berlin" / BBC Mundo / BBC O`zbek  / BBC Brasil / BBC فارْسِى "تجاوز در برلین"
  •     Echo24.cz "Z deníku rudoarmějce: Probodneme je skrz genitálie"
  •     The Telegraph "The truth behind The Rape of Berlin"
  •     BBC World Service "The Rape of Berlin"
  •     ParlamentniListy.cz "Mrzačení, znásilňování, to všechno jsme dělali. Český server připomíná drsné paměti sovětského vojáka"
  •     WordPress.com "Termina a Batalha de Berlim"
  •     Dnevnik.hr "Podignula je suknju i kazala mi: 'Spavaj sa mnom. Čini što želiš! Ali samo ti"                  
  •     ilPOST "Gli stupri in Germania, 70 anni fa"
  •     上 海东方报业有限公司 70年前苏军强奸了十万柏林妇女?很多人仍在寻找真相
  •     연 합뉴스 "BBC: 러시아군, 2차대전때 독일에서 대규모 강간"
  •     세계 일보 "러시아군, 2차대전때 독일에서 대규모 강간"
  •     Telegraf "SPOMENIK RUSKOM SILOVATELJU: Nemci bi da preimenuju istorijsko zdanje u Berlinu?"
  •     Múlt-kor "A berlini asszonyok küzdelme a szovjet erőszaktevők ellen"
  •     Noticiasbit.com "El drama oculto de las violaciones masivas durante la caída de Berlín"
  •     Museumsportal Berlin "Landsberger Allee 563, 21. April 1945"
  •     Caldeirão Político "70 anos após fim da guerra, estupro coletivo de alemãs ainda é episódio pouco conhecido"
  •     Nuestras Charlas Nocturnas "70 aniversario del fin de la II Guerra Mundial: del horror nazi al terror rojo en Alemania"
  •     W Radio "El drama oculto de las violaciones masivas durante la caída de Berlín"
  •     La Tercera "BBC: El drama oculto de las violaciones masivas durante la caída de Berlín"
  •     Noticias de Paraguay "El drama de las alemanas violadas por tropas soviéticas hacia el final de la Segunda Guerra Mundial"
  •     Cnn Hit New "The drama hidden mass rape during the fall of Berlin"
  •     Dân Luận "Trần Lê - Hồng quân, nỗi kinh hoàng của phụ nữ Berlin 1945"
  •     Český rozhlas "Temná stránka sovětského vítězství: znásilňování Němek"
  •     Historia "Cerita Kelam Perempuan Jerman Setelah Nazi Kalah Perang"
  •     G'Le Monde "Nỗi kinh hoàng của phụ nữ Berlin năm 1945 mang tên Hồng Quân"
  •     BBC News 코리아 "베를린에서 벌어진 대규모 강간"
  •     Эхо Москвы "Дилетанты. Красная армия в Европе"
  •     Der Freitag "Eine Schnappschussidee"
  •     باز آفريني واقعيت ها  "تجاوز در برلین"
  •     Quadriculado "O Fim da Guerra e o início do Pesadelo. Duas narrativas sobre o inferno"
  •     非 中国日报网 "柏林的强奸"
  •     Constantin Film "Anonyma - Eine Frau in Berlin. Materialien zum Film"
  •     Русская Германия "Я прижал бедную маму к своему сердцу и долго утешал"
  •     De Gruyter Oldenbourg "Erinnerung an Diktatur und Krieg. Brennpunkte des kulturellen Gedächtnisses zwischen Russland und Deutschland seit 1945"
  •     Memuarist.com "Гельфанд Владимир Натанович"
  •     Πανεπιστημίου Ιωαννίνων "Οι νόμοι του Πλάτωνα για την υβριστική κακολογία και την κατάχρηση του δημοσίου"
  •     Das Buch von Nicholas Stargardt "Der deutsche Krieg: 1939 - 1945"Николас Старгардт "Мобилизованная нация. Германия 1939–1945"
  •     FAKEOFF "Оглянуться в прошлое"
  •     The book of Nicholas Stargardt "The German War: A Nation Under Arms, 1939–45"
  •     The book of Nicholas Stargardt "The German War: A Nation Under Arms, 1939–45"
  •     Das Buch "Владимир Гельфанд. Дневник 1941 - 1946"
  •     BBC Русская служба "Изнасилование Берлина: неизвестная история войны" / BBC Україна "Зґвалтування Берліна: невідома історія війни"
  •     Virtual Azərbaycan "Berlinin zorlanması"
  •     Гефтер. "Олег Будницкий: «Дневник, приятель дорогой!» Военный дневник Владимира Гельфанда"
  •     Гефтер "Владимир Гельфанд. Дневник 1942 года"
  •     BBC Tiếng Việt "Lính Liên Xô 'hãm hiếp phụ nữ Đức'"
  •     Nicolas Bernard "La Guerre germano-soviétique, 1941-1943" Tome 1
  •     Nicolas Bernard "La Guerre germano-soviétique, 1943-1945" Tome 2
  •     Эхо Москвы "ЦЕНА ПОБЕДЫ: Дневники лейтенанта Гельфанда"
  •     Renato Furtado "Soviéticos estupraram 2 milhões de mulheres alemãs, durante a Guerra Mundial"
  •     Вера Дубина "«Обыкновенная история» Второй мировой войны: дискурсы сексуального насилия над женщинами оккупированных территорий"
  •     Еврейский музей и центр толерантности "Презентация книги Владимира Гельфанда «Дневник 1941-1946»"
  •     Еврейский музей и центр толерантности "Евреи в Великой Отечественной войне"
  •     Сидякин & Би-Би-Си. Драма в трех действиях. "Атака"
  •     Сидякин & Би-Би-Си. Драма в трех действиях. "Бой"
  •     Сидякин & Би-Би-Си. Драма в трех действиях. "Победа"
  •     Сидякин & Би-Би-Си. Драма в трех действиях. Эпилог
  •     Труд "Покорность и отвага: кто кого?"
  •     Издательский Дом «Новый Взгляд» "Выставка подвига"
  •     Katalog NT "Выставка "Евреи в Великой Отечественной войне " - собрание уникальных документов"
  •     Вести "Выставка "Евреи в Великой Отечественной войне" - собрание уникальных документов"
  •     Радио Свобода "Бесценный графоман"
  •     Вечерняя Москва "Еще раз о войне"
  •     РИА Новости "Выставка про евреев во время ВОВ открывается в Еврейском музее"
  •     Телеканал «Культура» Выставка "Евреи в Великой Отечественной войне" проходит в Москве
  •     Россия HD "Вести в 20.00"
  •     GORSKIE "В Москве открылась выставка "Евреи в Великой Отечественной войне"
  •     Aгентство еврейских новостей "Евреи – герои войны"
  •     STMEGI TV "Открытие выставки "Евреи в Великой Отечественной войне"
  •     Национальный исследовательский университет Высшая школа экономики "Открытие выставки "Евреи в Великой Отечественной войне"
  •     Независимая газета "Война Абрама"
  •     Revista de Historia "El lado oscuro de la victoria aliada en la Segunda Guerra Mundial"
  •     עיתון סינאתלה  גביש הסמל ולדימיר גלפנד מספר על חיי היומיום במלחמה , על אורח חיים בחזית ובעורף
  •     Лехаим "Война Абрама"
  •     Elhallgatva "A front emlékezete. A Vörös Hadsereg kötelékében tömegesen és fiatalkorúakon elkövetett nemi erőszak kérdése a Dél-Vértesben"
  •     Libertad USA "El drama de las alemanas: violadas por tropas soviéticas en 1945 y violadas por inmigrantes musulmanes en 2016"
  •     НГ Ex Libris "Пять книг недели"
  •     Брестский Курьер "Фамильное древо Бреста. На перекрестках тех дорог"
  •     Полит.Ру "ProScience: Олег Будницкий о народной истории войны"
  •     Олена Проскура "Запiзнiла сповiдь"
  •     Полит.Ру "ProScience: Возможна ли научная история Великой Отечественной войны?"
  •     Das Buch "Владимир Гельфанд. Дневник 1941 - 1946"
  •     Ahlul Bait Nabi Saw "Kisah Kelam Perempuan Jerman Setelah Nazi Kalah Perang"
  •     北 京北晚新视觉传媒有限公司 "70年前苏军强奸了十万柏林妇女?"
  •     Преподавание истории в школе "«О том, что происходило…» Дневник Владимира Гельфанда"
  •     Вестник НГПУ "О «НЕУБЕДИТЕЛЬНЕЙШЕЙ» ИЗ ПОМЕТ: (Высокая лексика в толковых словарях русского языка XX-XXI вв.)"
  •     Fotografias da História "Memórias esquecidas: o estupro coletivo das mulheres alemãs"
  •     Archäologisches Landesmuseum Brandenburg "Zwischen Krieg und Frieden" / "Между войной и миром"
  •     Российская газета "Там, где кончается война"
  •     Народный Корреспондент "Женщины освобождённой Европы глазами советских солдат: правда про "2 миллиона изнасилованых немок"
  •     Fiona "Военные изнасилования — преступления против жизни и личности"
  •     军 情观察室 "苏军攻克柏林后暴行妇女遭殃,战争中的强奸现象为什么频发?"
  •     Независимая газета "Дневник минометчика"
  •     Независимая газета "ИСПОДЛОБЬЯ: Кризис концепции"
  •     East European Jewish Affairs "Jewish response to the non-Jewish question: “Where were the Jews during the fighting?” 1941–5"
  •     Niels Bo Poulsen "Skæbnekamp: Den tysk-sovjetiske krig 1941-1945"
  •     Olhar Atual "A Esquerda a história e o estupro"
  •     The book of Stefan-Ludwig Hoffmann, Sandrine Kott, Peter Romijn, Olivier Wieviorka "Seeking Peace in the Wake of War: Europe, 1943-1947"
  •     Walter de Gruyter "Germans into Allies: Writing a Diary in 1945"
  •     Blog in Berlin "22. Juni – da war doch was?"
  •     Steemit "Berlin Rape: The Hidden History of War"
  •     Estudo Prático "Crimes de estupro na Segunda Guerra Mundial e dentro do exército americano"
  •     Громадське радіо "Насильство над жінками під час бойових дій — табу для України"
  •     InfoRadio RBB "Geschichte in den Wäldern Brandenburgs"
  •     "شگفتی های تاریخ است "پشت پرده تجاوز به زنان برلینی در پایان جنگ جهانی دوم
  •     Hans-Jürgen Beier gewidmet "Lehren – Sammeln – Publizieren"
  •     The book of Miriam Gebhardt "Crimes Unspoken: The Rape of German Women at the End of the Second World War"
  •     Русский вестник "Искажение истории: «Изнасилованная Германия»"
  •     凯 迪 "推荐《柏林女人》与《五月四日》影片"
  •     Vix "Estupro de guerra: o que acontece com mulheres em zonas de conflito, como Aleppo?"
  •     Universidad del Bío-Bío "CRÍMENES DE GUERRA RUSOS EN LA SEGUNDA GUERRA MUNDIAL (1940-1945)"
  •     "المنصة  "العنف ضد المرأة.. المسكوت عنه في الحرب العالمية الثانية
  •     Книга. Олег Шеин "От Астраханского кремля до Рейхсканцелярии. Боевой путь 248-й стрелковой дивизии"
  •     Sodaz Ot "Освободительная миссия Красной Армии и кривое зеркало вражеской пропаганды"
  •     Sodaz Ot "Советский воин — освободитель Европы: психология и поведение на завершающем этапе войны"
  •     企 业头条 "柏林战役后的女人"
  •     Sántha István "A front emlékezete"
  •     腾 讯公司& nbsp; "二战时期欧洲, 战胜国对战败国的十万妇女是怎么处理的!"
  •     DE Y.OBIDIN "Какими видели европейских женщин советские солдаты и офицеры (1944-1945 годы)?"
  •     Magyar Tudományos Akadémia "Váltóállítás: Diktatúrák a vidéki Magyarországon 1945-ben"
  •     歷 史錄 "近1萬女性被強姦致死,女孩撩開裙子說:不下20個男人戳我這兒"
  •     Cyberpedia "Проблема возмездия и «границы ненависти» у советского солдата-освободителя"
  •     NewConcepts Society "Можно ли ставить знак равенства между зверствами гитлеровцев и зверствами советских солдат?"
  •     搜 狐 "二战时期欧洲,战胜国对战败国的妇女是怎么处理的"
  •     Ranker "14 Shocking Atrocities Committed By 20th Century Communist Dictatorships"
  •     Эхо Москвы "Дилетанты. Начало войны. Личные источники"
  •     Журнал "Огонёк" "Эго прошедшей войны"
  •     이 창남 외 공저 "폭력과 소통 :트랜스내셔널한 정의를 위하여"
  •     Уроки истории. XX век "Книжный дайджест «Уроков истории»: советский антисемитизм"
  •     Свободная Пресса "Кто кого насиловал в Германии"
  •     EPrints "Взаємовідносини червоноармійців з цивільним населенням під час перебування радянських військ на території Польщі (кінець 1944 - початок 1945 рр.)"
  •     Pikabu "Обратная сторона медали"
  •     Озёрск.Ru "Война и немцы"
  •     Імекс-ЛТД "Історичний календар Кіровоградщини на 2018 рік. Люди. Події. Факти"
  •     יד ושם - רשות הזיכרון לשואה ולגבורה "Vladimir Gelfand"
  •     Atchuup! "Soviet soldiers openly sexually harass German woman in Leipzig after WWII victory, 1945"
  •     Книга Мириам Гебхардт "Когда пришли солдаты. Изнасилование немецких женщин в конце Второй мировой войны"
  •     Coffe Time "Женщины освобождённой"
  •     Дилетант "Цена победы. Военный дневник лейтенанта Владимира Гельфанда"
  •     Feldgrau.Info - Bоенная история "Подборка"
  •     Вечерний Брест "В поисках утраченного времени. Солдат Победы Аркадий Бляхер. Часть 9. Нелюбовь"
  •     Геннадий Красухин "Круглый год с литературой. Квартал четвёртый"
  •     Аргументы недели "Всю правду знает только народ. Почему фронтовые дневники совсем не похожи на кино о войне"
  •     Fanfics.me "Вспомним подвиги ветеранов!"
  •     VietInfo "Hồng quân, Nỗi kinh hoàng của phụ nữ Berlin năm 1945"
  •     Книга: Виталий Дымарский, Владимир Рыжков "Лица войны"
  •     Dozor "Про День Перемоги в Кіровограді, фейкових ветеранів і "липове" примирення"
  •     East European Jewish Affairs "Review of Dnevnik 1941-1946, by Vladimir Gel’fand"
  •     The book of Harriet Murav, Gennady Estraikh "Soviet Jews in World War II: Fighting, Witnessing, Remembering"
  •     TARINGA! "Las violaciones masivas durante la caída de Berlín"
  •     ВолиньPost "Еротика та війна: спогади про Любомль 1944 року"
  •     Anews "Молодые воспринимают войну в конфетном обличии"
  •     RTVi "«Война эта будет дикая». Что писали 22 июня 1941 года в дневниках"
  •     Tribun Manado "Nasib Kelam Perempuan Jerman Usai Nazi Kalah, Gadis Muda, Wanita Tua dan Hamil Diperkosa Bergantian"
  •     The book of Elisabeth Krimmer "German Women's Life Writing and the Holocaust: Complicity and Gender in the Second World War"
  •     Xosé Manuel Núñez Seixas "El frente del Este : historia y memoria de la guerra germano-soviética, 1941-1945"
  •     اخبار المقطم و الخليفه " إغتصاب برلين الكبير"
  •     Русская семерка "В чьем плену хуже всего содержались женщины-военные на Второй мировой"
  •     Mail Online "Mass grave containing 1,800 German soldiers who perished at the Battle of Stalingrad is uncovered in Russia - 75 years after WWII's largest confrontation claimed 2 mln lives"
  •     PT. Kompas Cyber Media "Kuburan Massal 1.800 Tentara Jerman Ditemukan di Kota Volgograd"
  •     Công ty Cổ phần Quảng cáo Trực tuyến 24H "Nga: Sửa ống nước, phát hiện 1.800 hài cốt của trận đánh đẫm máu nhất lịch sử"
  •     LGMI News "Pasang Pipa Air, Tukang Temukan Kuburan Masal 1.837 Tentara Jerman"
  •     Quora "¿Cuál es un hecho sobre la Segunda Guerra Mundial que la mayoría de las personas no saben y probablemente no quieren saber?"
  •     "مجله مهاجرت  "آنچه روس‌ها در برلین انجام دادند!
  •     Музейний простiр  "Музей на Дніпрі отримав новорічні подарунки під ялинку"
  •     Bella Gelfand. Wie in Berlin Frau eines Rotarmisten Wladimir Gelfand getötet wurde  .. ..
  •     The book of Paul Roland "Life After the Third Reich: The Struggle to Rise from the Nazi Ruins"
  •     O Sentinela "Dois Milhões de Alemãs: O Maior Estupro em Massa da História foi um Crime Aliado-Soviético
  •     Агентство новостей «Хакасия-Информ» "Кто остановит шоу Коновалова?"
  •     Isralike.org "Цена победы. Военный дневник лейтенанта Владимира Гельфанда"
  •     Robert Dale “For what and for whom were we fighting?”: Red Army Soldiers, Combat Motivation and Survival Strategies on the Eastern Front in the Second World War
  •     "طرفداری "پایان رویای نازیسم / سقوط امپراطوری آدولف هیتلر
  •     Das Buch von Kerstin Bischl "Frontbeziehungen: Geschlechterverhältnisse und Gewaltdynamiken in der Roten Armee 1941-1945"
  •     Русская семерка "Красноармейцы или солдаты союзников: кто вызывал у немок больший страх"
  •     Kibalchish "Фрагменты дневников поэта-фронтовика В. Н. Гельфанда"
  •     History Magazine "Sõjapäevik leitnant Vladimir Gelfand"
  •     Magazine online "Vojnový denník poručíka Vladimíra Gelfanda"
  •     theБабель "Український лейтенант Володимир Гельфанд пройшов Другу світову війну від Сталінграда до Берліна"
  •     Znaj.UA "Жорстокі знущання та масові вбивства: злочини Другої світової показали в моторошних кадрах"
  •     Gazeta.ua "Масові вбивства і зґвалтування: жорстокі злочини Другої світової війни у фотографіях"
  •     PikTag "Знали вы о том, что советские солдаты ИЗНАСИЛОВАЛИ бессчетное число женщин по пути к Берлину?"
  •     Kerstin Bischl  "Sammelrezension: Alltagserfahrungen von Rotarmisten und ihr Verhältnis zum Staat"
  •     Конт "Несколько слов о фронтовом дневнике"
  •     Sherstinka "Német megszállók és nők. Trófeák Németországból - mi volt és hogyan"
  •     Олег Сдвижков "Красная Армия в Европе. По страницам дневника Захара Аграненко"
  •     X-True.Info "«Русские варвары» и «цивилизованные англосаксы»: кто был более гуманным с немками в 1945 году"
  •     Veröffentlichungen zur brandenburgischen Landesarchäologie "Zwischen Krieg und und Frieden: Waldlager der Roten Armee 1945"
  •     Sherstinka "Szovjet lányok megerőszakolása a németek által a megszállás alatt. Német fogságba esett nők"
  •     Dünya Haqqinda "Berlin zorlanmasi: İkinci Dünya Müharibəsi"
  •     Actionvideo "Gewalt gegen deutsche Frauen durch Soldaten der Roten Armee. Entsetzliche Folter und Hinrichtungen durch japanische Faschisten während des Zweiten Weltkriegs!"
  •     Maktime "Was machten die Nazis mit den gefangenen sowjetischen Mädchen? Wer hat deutsche Frauen vergewaltigt und wie sie im besetzten Deutschland gelebt haben"
  •     Музей «Пам’ять єврейського народу та Голокост в Україні» отримав у дар унікальні експонати
  •     Sherstinka "Что творили с пленными женщинами фашисты. Жестокие пытки женщин фашистами"
  •     Bidinvest "Brutalitäten der Sowjetarmee - Über die Gräueltaten der sowjetischen "Befreier" in Europa. Was haben deutsche Soldaten mit russischen Frauen gemacht?"
  •     Русский сборник XXVII "Советские потребительские практики в «маленьком СССР», 1945-1949"
  •     Academic Studies Press. Oleg Budnitskii: "Jews at War: Diaries from the Front"
  •     Gazeta Chojeńska "Wojna to straszna trauma, a nie fajna przygoda"
  •     Historiadel.net "Crímenes de violación de la Segunda Guerra Mundial y el Ejército de EE. UU."
  •     화 요지식살롱 "2차세계대전 말, 소련에게 베를린을 점령당한 '독일 여자들'이 당한 치욕의 역사"
  •     The Global Domain News "As the soldiers did to captured German women"
  •     Quora "Você sabe de algum fato da Segunda Guerra Mundial que a maioria das pessoas não conhece e que, provavelmente, não querem saber?"
  •     MOZ.de "Als der Krieg an die Oder kam – Flucht aus der Festung Frankfurt"
  •     Музей "Пам'ять єврейського народу та Голокост в Україні". "1 березня 1923 р. – народився Володимир Гельфанд"
  •     Wyborcza.pl "Ryk gwałconych kobiet idzie przez pokolenia. Mało kto się nim przejmuje"
  •     Cноб "Женщина — военный трофей. Польский историк о изнасилованиях в Европе во время Второй мировой"
  •     Refugo "O estupro da Alemanha"
  •     Historia National Geographic "la batalla de berlín durante la segunda guerra mundial"
  •     Politeka "Росіянам напередодні 9 травня нагадали про злочини в Німеччині: «Заплямували себе...»"
  •     Акценты "Советский офицер раскрыл тайны Второй мировой: рассказал без прикрас"
  •     БелПресса "Цена Победы. Какой была военная экономика"
  •     Lucidez "75 años de la rendición nazi: Los matices del “heroísmo” soviético"
  •     UM CANCERIANO SEM LAR "8 de Maio de 1945"
  •     Lasteles.com "La Caída de la Alemania Nazi: aniversario de la rendición de Berlin"
  •     Cloud Mind "Violence Against Women: The Rape Of Berlin WW2"
  •     Музей "Пам'ять єврейського народу та Голокост в Україні" "8 ТРАВНЯ – ДЕНЬ ПАМ’ЯТІ І ПРИМИРЕННЯ"
  •     CUERVOPRESS "El drama oculto de las violaciones masivas durante la caída de Berlín"
  •     EU Today "The Rape of Berlin: Red Army atrocities in 1945"
  •     Издательство Яндекс + История будущего "Настоящий 1945"
  •     Вне строк "Похищение Берлина: зверства Красной армии в 1945 году"
  •     Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung "Erlebt Russland eine neue Archivrevolution?"
  •     The book of Beata Halicka "The Polish Wild West: Forced Migration and Cultural Appropriation in the Polish-german Borderlands, 1945-1948"
  •     Twentieth-Century Literature “A World of Tomorrow”: Trauma, Urbicide, and Documentation in A Woman in Berlin: Eight Weeks in the Conquered City
  •     Märkische Onlinezeitung "Sowjetische Spuren in Brandenburgs Wäldern"
  •     Revue Belge de Philologie et d’Histoire "Soviet Diaries of the Great Patriotic War"
  •     Der Spiegel "Rotarmisten und deutsche Frauen: "Ich gehe nur mit anständigen Russen"
  •     ReadSector "Mass grave of WWII Nazi paratroopers found in Poland contains 18 skeletons and tools with swastikas"
  •     ИноСМИ "Der Spiegel (Германия): «Я гуляю только с порядочными русскими"
  •     Actionvideo "Jak naziści szydzili z rosyjskich kobiet. Gwałt w Berlinie: nieznana historia wojny"
  •     Graf Orlov 33 "ДНЕВНИК В. ГЕЛЬФАНДА советского офицера РККА"
  •     Deutsche Welle  "Послевоенная Германия в дневниках и фотографиях"
  •     Deutsche Welle  "За что немки любили в 1945 году лейтенанта Красной армии?"
  •     Elke Scherstjanoi "Sieger leben in Deutschland: Fragmente einer ungeübten Rückschau. Zum Alltag sowjetischer Besatzer in Ostdeutschland 1945-1949"
  •     SHR32 "Rus əsgərləri alman qadınlarına necə istehza etdilər. Alman qadınlarını kim zorlayıb və onlar işğal olunmuş Almaniyada necə yaşayıblar"
  •     Детектор медіа "«Гра тіней»: є сенс продовжувати далі"
  •     Historia provinciae "Повседневная жизнь победителей в советской зоне оккупации Германии в воспоминаниях участников событий"
  •     Portal de Prefeitura "Artigo: “FRAU, KOMM!” O maior estupro coletivo da história
  •     Pikabu "Извращение или традиция, потерявшая смысл?"
  •     Русская Семерка "Владимир Гельфанд: от каких слов отказался «отец» мифа об изнасиловании немок советскими солдатами"
  •     Институт российской истории РАН "Вторая мировая и Великая Отечественная: к 75-летию окончания"
  •     Kozak UA "Як "діди" німкень паплюжили в 1945 році"
  •     Dandm "Cómo los nazis se burlaron de las mujeres rusas. Mujeres rusas violadas y asesinadas por los alemanes"
  •     Permnew.Ru "«Диван» Федора Вострикова. Литобъединение"
  •     Neurologystatus "Violence women in the Second World War. Shoot vagas: why soldiers rape women"
  •     Brunilda Ternova "Mass rapes by Soviet troops in Germany at the end of World War II"
  •     The book Stewart Binns "Barbarossa: And the Bloodiest War in History"
  •     Книга. Новое литературное обозрение: Будницкий Олег "Люди на войне"
  •     Леонід Мацієвський "9 травня – День перемоги над здоровим глуздом. Про згвалтовану Європу та Берлін"
  •     Полит.Ру "Люди на войне"
  •     #CОЦИАЛЬНАЯ ИСТОРИЯ #ПАМЯТЬ "Владимир Гельфанд: месяц в послевоенном Берлине"
  •     Новое литературное обозрение "Ирина Прохорова, Олег Будницкий, Иван Толстой: Люди на войне"
  •     Georgetown University "Explorations in Russian and Eurasian History": "Emotions and Psychological Survival in the Red Army, 1941–42"
  •     Forum24 "Co se dělo se zajatými rudoarmějkami? Jaký byl osud zajatých žen z Wehrmachtu?"
  •     Радио Свобода "Война и народная память"
  •     Лехаим "Двадцать второго июня..."
  •     Русская семёрка "Как изменилось отношение немок к красноармейцам в 1945 году"
  •     Исторический курьер "Героизм, герои и награды: «героическая сторона» Великой Отечественной войны в воспоминаниях современников"
  •     Коммерсантъ "Фронт и афронты"
  •     Русская семёрка "Владимир Гельфанд: что не так в дневниках автора мифа об «изнасилованной» Германии"
  •     Medium "The Brutal Rapes of Every German Female from Eight to Eighty"
  •     One News Box "How German women suffered largest mass rape in history by foreign solders"
  •     "نیمرخ "نقش زنان در جنگها - قسمت اول: زنان به مثابه قربانی جنگ
  •     Bolcheknig "Що німці робили з жінками. Уривок з щоденника дівчини, яку німці використовували як безкоштовну робочу силу. Життя в таборі"
  •     Nrgaudit "Рассказы немецких солдат о войне с русскими. Мнения немцев о русских солдатах во время Второй мировой войны"
  •     Музей "Пам'ять єврейського народу та Голокост в Україні "На звороті знайомого фото"
  •     Новое литературное обозрение. Книга: Козлов, Козлова "«Маленький СССР» и его обитатели. Очерки социальной истории советского оккупационного сообщества"
  •     Sattarov "Mga babaeng sundalo sa pagkabihag ng Aleman. Kabanata limang mula sa librong "Pagkabihag. Ito ang ginawa ng mga Nazi sa mga nahuling kababaihan ng Soviet"
  •     Política Obrera "Sobre “José Pablo Feinmann y la violación en manada"
  •     Эхо Москвы "Цена победы. Люди на войне"
  •     SHR32 "How Russian soldiers mocked German women. Trophies from Germany - what it was and how. Who raped German women and how they lived in occupied Germany"
  •     Олег Сдвижков: "«Советских порядков не вводить!»  Красная армия в Европе 1944—1945 гг."
  •     Livejournal "Чья бы мычала"
  •     Newton Compton Editori. Stewart Binns "Operazione Barbarossa. Come Hitler ha perso la Seconda guerra mondiale"
  •     Kingvape "Rosa Kuleshovs Belichtung. Rosa Kuleshov ist die mysteriöseste Hellseherin der Sowjetzeit. Zwischen rot und grün"
  •     Kfdvgtu الجوائز من ألمانيا - ما كان عليه وكيف. الذين اغتصبوا الألمانية وكيف عاش في ألمانيا المحتلة
  •     nc1 "Αναμνήσεις στρατιωτών πρώτης γραμμής για Γερμανίδες. Οι απόψεις των Γερμανών για τους Ρώσους στρατιώτες κατά τον Β' Παγκόσμιο Πόλεμο"
  •     ik-ptz "Was haben deutsche Soldaten mit russischen Mädchen gemacht? Das haben die Nazis mit gefangenen sowjetischen Frauen gemacht"
  •     مراجعة عسكرية  نساء أوروبا المحررات من خلال عيون الجنود والضباط السوفيت (1944-1945)
  •     nc1 "Scrisori de soldați ruși despre germani. Cum au șocat femeile sovietice pe ocupanții germani"
  •     中 新健康娱乐网 "柏林战役德国女人 70年前苏军强奸了十万柏林妇女?"
  •     "پورتال برای دانش آموز. خودآموزی،  "نازی ها با زنان اسیر چه کردند؟ نحوه آزار نازی ها از کودکان در اردوگاه کار اجباری سالاسپیلس
  •     Русская Семерка "Каких штрафников в Красной Армии называли «эсэсовцами»"
  •     Голос Народу "Саша Корпанюк: Кто и кого изнасиловал в Германии?"
  •     Gorskie "Новые источники по истории Второй мировой войны: дневники"
  •     TransQafqaz.com "Fedai.az Araşdırma Qrupu"
  •     Ik-ptz "What did the Nazis do with the captured women. How the Nazis abused children in the Salaspils concentration camp"
  •     Евгений Матонин "22 июня 1941 года. День, когда обрушился мир"
  •     Ulisse Online "Per non dimenticare: orrori contro i bambini"
  •     Наука. Общество. Оборона "«Изнасилованная Германия»: из истории современных ментальных войн"
  •     Quora "Por que muitos soldados estupram mulheres durante guerras?"
  •     Stefan Creuzberger "Das deutsch-russische Jahrhundert: Geschichte einer besonderen Beziehung"
  •     პორტალი სტუდენტისთვის "როგორ დასცინოდნენ რუსი ჯარისკაცები გერმანელებს"
  •     Зеркало "Где и когда русское воинство ЧЕСТЬ потеряло?"
  •     WordPress.com Historywithatwist "How Russia has used rape as a weapon of war"
  •     Mai Khôi Info "Lính Liên Xô 'hãm hiếp phụ nữ Đức'"
  •     EU Political Report "Russia is a Country of Marauders and Murderers"
  •     "بالاترین  "روایت ستوان روس «ولادیمیر گلفاند» از «تجاوز جنسی» وحشیانه‌ی ارتش سرخ شوروی به «زنان آلمانی»/عکس
  •     TCH "Можемо повторити": як радянські солдати по-звірячому і безкарно ґвалтували німецьких жінок
  •     인사 이트 "2차 세계 대전 때에도 독일 점령한 뒤 여성 200만명 성폭행했던 러시아군"
  •     Pravda.Ru "Fake news about fake rapes in Ukraine to ruin Russian solder's image"
  •     Alexey Tikhomirov "The Stalin Cult in East Germany and the Making of the Postwar Soviet Empire, 1945-1961"
  •     Дилетант "Олег Будницкий / Человек на фоне эпох / Книжное казино. Истории"
  •     The Sault Star "OPINION: Suffering of children an especially ugly element of war"
  •     El Español "Por qué la Brutalidad del Ejército Ruso se Parece más a una Novela de Stephen King que de Orwell"
  •     Ratnik.tv "Одесса. Еврейский вопрос. Дорогами смерти"
  •     Алексей Митрофанов "Коммунальная квартира"
  •     Militaergeschichtliche Zeitschrift "Evakuierungs‑ und Kriegsschauplatz Mark Brandenburg"
  •     Raovatmaytinh "Phim cấp 3 tội ác tra tấn tình dục và hiếp dâm của phát xít đức phần 1"
  •     Apollo.lv "Kā Otrais pasaules karš noslēdzās ar PSRS armijas veiktu masveida izvarošanas kampaņu Vācijā"
  •     Как ў Беларусі "Who raped whom in Germany" / "Кто кого насиловал в Германии"
  •     Konkretyka "Діди-ґвалтівники, або міф про «воїнів-освободітєлєй»"війни"
  •     LinkedIn "Grandfathers-rapists, or the myth of "warriors-liberators"​. Typical Russian imperial character"
  •     Danielleranucci "Lit in the Time of War: Gelfand, Márquez, and Ung"
  •     Смоленская газета "Истинная правда и её фальшивые интерпретации"
  •     Дзен "Я влюбился в портрет Богоматери..." Из фронтовых дневников лейтенанта Владимира Гельфанда
  •     Дзен "Праздник Победы отчасти горек для меня..." Зарубежные впечатления офицера Красной армии Гельфанда
  •     UkrLineInfo "Жiноча смикалка: способи самозахисту від сексуального насилля в роки Другої світової війни"
  •     Memo Club. Владимир Червинский: "Одесские истории без хэппи энда"
  •     Thomas Kersting, Christoph Meißner, Elke Scherstjanoi "Die Waldlager der Roten Armee 1945/46: Archäologie und Geschichte"
  •     Goldenfront "Самосуд над полицаями в Одессе в 1944 году: что это было"
  •     Gedenkstätten Buchenwald "Nach dem Krieg. Spuren der sowjetischen Besatzungszeit in Weimar 1945-50: Ein Stadtrundgang"
  •     Historia National Geographic "la segunda guerra mundial al completo, historia del conflicto que cambió el mundo"
  •     સ્વર્ગારોહણ  "કેવી રીતે રશિયન સૈનિકોએ જર્મન લોકોની મજાક ઉડાવી"
  •     Absorbwell "Causas Y Consecuencias De La Segunda Guerra Mundial Resumen"
  •     לחימה יהודית  א. יהודים בצבא האדום
  •     Український світ "«Можем повторіть» — про звірства російських солдат під час Другої світової війни"
  •     Oleg Budnitskii, David Engel, Gennady Estraikh, Anna Shternshis: "Jews in the Soviet Union: A History: War, Conquest, and Catastrophe, 1939–1945"
  •     Andrii Portnov "Dnipro: An Entangled History of a European City"
  •     Татьяна Шишкова "Внеждановщина. Советская послевоенная политика в области культуры как диалог с воображаемым Западом"
  •     The Chilean "Roto". "VIOLADA"
  •     Дзен "Немок сажайте на мохнатые мотороллеры". Что сделали с пленными немками в Советском Союзе"
  •     ProNews "Σιλεσία 1945: Με εθνοκάθαρση η πρώτη τιμωρία των Γερμανών για τα εγκλήματα τους στο Β΄ ΠΠ"
  •     Livejournal "Одесситы - единственные в СССР - устроили самосуд в 1944 году"
  •     Scribd "Estupro em Massa de Alemãs"
  •     Музей «Пам’ять єврейського народу та Голокост в Україні» ЦЬОГО ДНЯ – 100-РІЧЧЯ ВІД ДНЯ НАРОДЖЕННЯ ВОЛОДИМИРА ГЕЛЬФАНДА
  •     Davidzon Radio "Владимир Гельфанд. Шокирующий дневник войны". Валерия Коренная в программе "Крылья с чердака"
  •     Quora "Open to the weather, lacking even primitive sanitary facilities, underfed, the prisoners soon began dying of starvation and disease"
  •     Infobae "El calvario de las mujeres tras la caída de Berlín: violaciones masivas del Ejército Rojo y ola de suicidios"
  •     Научная электронная библиотека "Военные и блокадные дневники в издательском репертуаре современной России (1941–1945)"
  •     Historywithatwist "How Russia has used rape as a weapon of war"
  •     Periodista Digital "Las terribles violaciones ocultas tras la caída de Berlín"
  •     Tạp chí Nước Đức "Hồng quân Liên Xô, nỗi kinh hoàng của phụ nữ Berlin năm 1945"
  •     "زیتون | سایت خبری‌ تحلیلی زیتون "بدن زن؛ سرزمینی که باید فتح شود!
  •     Enciclopedia Kiddle Español "Evacuación de Prusia Oriental para niños"
  •     Ukraine History "Діди-ґвалтівники, або міф про «воїнів-визволителів». Типовий російський імперський характер"
  •     Локальна  Історiя "Жаске дежавю: досвід зустрічі з "визволителями"
  •     Tamás Kende "Class War or Race War The Inner Fronts of Soviet Society during and after the Second World War"
  •     museum-digital berlin "Vladimir Natanovič Gel'fand"
  •     知乎 "苏联红军在二战中的邪恶暴行"